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Sufism in Quran & Sunna
Praise be to Allah, the Donor and the Generous. It is Him who granted us all good things. Blessings and peace of Allah be upon the prophet, the pen by whom Allah wrote in the preserved book, our master, Mohammed, the great honour of life and the source of light for the Arabs and non-Arabs. Allah blesses him, his family who gave life to the hearts from nothing, his companions and his followers who followed this example.
There are violent attacks against Sufism, in the past and nowadays, these attacks are not based on religion or science or logic.
A wise person uses his mind to judge things. Logically, there are premises lead to results and a religious person never says any thing from his own view, but he passes it on the decree of Allah, the book of Allah (the Quran) and the Sunna of the prophet (May the blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) and says only what matches the book of Allah and the Sunna of the beloved prophet.
Anyone who studies at a scientific institution follows the scientific methods on every scientific case. If we fulfill these scientific methods, e.g.: observation, experimentation, watching and how to make a perfect scientific research, we’ll find that the Europeans who excelled the world in scientific research put Sufism at the top of proved scientific cases which all people need, for overcoming their problems, psychological stability, reforming souls, increasing body immunity, hearts’ purity and to promote manners and morals which lead to societies’ happiness.
Lots of things were proved and registered by them in world famous universities, but people who attack Sufism without evidence or a logical proved reason don’t see this. So we should and must face them.
We tried in our monthly sessions held at the center of The General Association for Daawa (Calling) to Allah in Hadayek El-Maadi Cairo, to put Sufism in its right place and to originate its rules from the verses of the Quran, the words of the prophet (May the blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) and the life and behavior of the prophet and his companions.
God, praise to him, granted us success in doing this. We put this out in a book named: Sufism in Quran & Sunna
Someone may ask: Does Sufism exist in the Quran and Sunna? We say: Yes, we proved that in this book for God’s sake and to clarify the reality and we want nothing but His satisfaction.
About how to become a Sufi (mystic), Imam Al-Ghazzali said:
(The way to that is: beginning with striving against one’s self, or the erasing of bad manners, cutting all the attachments and coming thoroughly to God. When this happens, God assumes his servant’s heart He takes the responsibility of enlightening it with learning. When God shoulders one’s heart, it is filled with mercy and light and he knows the secrets of the heavens, and the heart could see with God’s mercy and he could recognize facts. The servant should only get himself ready by purifying himself and true intention and looking forward to what God grants him by his mercy.)
And about the same way Ibn-Khaldun said:
(The prophet’s companions were like that, and they had great deal of dignities but they didn’t care about that. There were lots of dignities in the life of Abo Bakr, Omar Othman and Ali followed by lots of pious people mentioned in El-Qushayri’s book: Resalah and others who followed them.)
This is about the way, but according to the topic, the feeling and the conditions, the mystics generaly referred to the great importance of following the law of God.
Imam Abu El-Hassan El-Shatheli says:
(Whoever call to God not following the model of the prophet (May the blessings and peace of Allah be upon him), he is a heresiarch.) He also says: (If the pious don’t attend the five prayers with people at the mosque, don’t care for him.), Also, among his best words about this:
(There is no dignity greater than believing and following the Sunna when someone is given them, and he is eager to others, then he is a great liar, or he is mistaken in his knowledge and doing the good, like someone who met the king and is satisfied with him and in the same time he is looking forward to taking care of animals and doesn’t want satisfaction.)
All the mystics follow this way, one of them: Abu Yazeed El-Bastami said in strength and truth:
(If you see someone who has given so many dignities that he can walk into the air, don’t be deceived until you see what he does with the orders, prohibitions and the instructions of the Islamic law.)
Imam El-Gonayd mentioned, more than once, the connection between Sufism and the Islamic law eg:
(All the roads are closed in front of people except people who follow the Sunna of the prophet.) He also said:
(That who doesn’t memorize the Quran and write the Sunna can’t be followed in this matter, because our knowledge (Sufism) restricted to the origins of the Quran and the Sunna.)
Imam Al-Ghazzali, by word and deed and in his private and general life was limited to the Islamic law, he says:
(Researchers say: If you see someone flying in the air and walking on the water and he commits something against the Islamic law, you should know that he is a devil.)
In fact, the highest example for all the mystics is the prophet (May the blessings and peace of Allah be upon him). They always try to follow him, because he is their ideal in everything they do, they do this according to this verse in the Quran:
"Indeed in the Messenger of Allah (Muhammad) you have a good example to follow for him who hopes in (the Meeting with) Allah and the Last Day and remembers Allah much."
(Surat Al-Ahzab, Verse 21)
Imam Dr Abd El-Halim Mahmoud said in his book: Kadeyet Al-Tasawof (The Matter of Sufism), page 48:
( Sufism, mystics ( in Islam ) have a spiritual method, this method depends in its origin, way and aim on the Noble Quran and the Sunna. This method was experimented and flourished by them. The essence of this method is what they called: the grades and the status. The grades are the spiritual degrees passed by someone who wants to reach God’s satisfaction, in each degree he stops for a period of time and strives his self until God guides him to the next degree, to go gradually from noble to nobler and from high to higher. The statuses are the spiritual breathes blow on someone, he becomes refreshed for seconds, then it passes leaving nectar, the spirit is eager to return to breathe it.)
We beg our God to make this work only for his sake, his satisfaction and benefit for its readers.
"Our Lord! Keep perfect our Light for us and grant us forgiveness. Verily, You are Able to do all things."
(Surat Al-Tahrim, Verse 8).
Original lectures of this book were first tape recorded during my speech, then it was hand written in Arabic from tapes by Mr. Mohesen Abd El-Hayee, Cairo& Mr. Mustafa Abd El-Mawgoud, Zagazig, computer typed by Mssrs. Ahmed Saeed& his sister Mrs Shi’maa, finally text was reviewed & prepared for printing in Arabic by my daughter Dr. Abeer Fawzy. Translation was done by. Mr. Gamal Abd El-Hameed for the English edition, I’m asking Allah to bless& he Almighty reward all of them the best here and in the day after, as well the pious people who took care to print this book for the face of Allah & calling for his last religion .
May the blessings and peace of Allah be upon our prophet Mohammed, his family and companions.
Fawzy Mohammed Abu-zeid