Neighbor’s rights in Islam
Islam sets different rights for a neighbor, they are so important that he might be considered as one of the family members, the prophet (Blessings and peace of God be upon him) said: “Gabriel keeps recommending me to care for neighbor until I thought he was going to give him a share of inheritance.”
Islam divided neighbors into three types:
1- A Muslim relative neighbor, he has three rights, as a Muslim, as a relative and as a neighbor.
2- A Muslim but not a relative neighbor, he has the rights of a neighbor and the rights of a Muslim.
3- Non-Muslim and non relative neighbor, he has the rights of a neighbor.
The rights of a neighbor due to the three types above is to help him if he needs help, to ask about him if he is absent, to visit him if he is ill, to congratulate and share him on happy occasions, to console and share him his grieves and to take care of his children if he travels.
You shouldn’t make anything in your house that hurts him, if you cook food that he could smell and you know that he loves it, you should ladle some to him, if you give your children food or fruit or sweets and they went out to play with your neighbor’s children, you should give them as you give your children. You shouldn’t spy upon him. You should keep his privates (defects or secrets),.you should keep his cordiality and not to stop your support or your help to him.
It was narrated after Abdullah Ibn-Amr Ibn-Al-Aas that the apostle of God said: “Do you know what the right of a neighbor is? If he asks your support, you should support him. If he asks you for money, you should lend him. If he is poor, you should help him. If he is ill, you should visit him. If he has a happy occasion, you should congratulate him. If an affliction happened to him, you should console him. If he dies, you should follow his funeral. You should never get your house taller than his and prevent air stream without his permission. You should never let the smell of your food to reach him unless you ladle him some. If you buy fruit, gift him from it, if you don’t do, get it to your house secretly and don’t let your children go out with it to enrage his children. Do you know what the right of a neighbor is? By That who owns my life (God), very few people among those who have God’s mercy can do the right of a neighbor, he still recommends them about the rights of a neighbor until they thought he was going to give him a share as a heir.
Then the apostle of God said: Neighbors are three, some have three rights, others have two rights, and others have one right, those who have three rights are Muslim relative neighbors, they have the right of neighborhood, the right of Islam, and the right of kinship, those who have two rights are Muslim neighbors, they have the right of neighborhood and the right of Islam, and those who have one right are Non-Muslim neighbors, they have the right of neighborhood.”
 Narrated by Muslim after A’isha.
 Narrated by Al-Khara’ety Fe Makarem Al-Akhlak.